The amazing world of India opened its doors to Guyanese at the Indian Science
Exhibition, which began on the 20th of August at the Cliff Anderson Sports Hall on Homestretch Avenue in Georgetown.
Schools, groups and individuals all have visited the exhibition and were left amazed by what they saw.
The Indian civilisation is one of the most ancient in the world.
It is known as the Sindhu civilisation or the Indus Valley civilisation or the Aryan civilisation. Sometimes it is also referred to as the Vedic civilisation.
The Aryans kindled the light of this civilisation on the banks of the river Sindhu (Indus) in Northern India, thousands of years ago. Later, they helped spread it across some other parts of the country.
The historians cannot ascertain the precise period when this great civilisation flourished. The scholars differ on the period of its development. Even the origin of the Aryan race has been debatable. Some historians believe that the Aryans migrated from North Central Asia and settled in India. Some other historians contend that the Aryans have been the natives of India.
In the opinion of Lokmanya Tilak and other Indian scholars, the Aryan civilisation is 4,000 to 8,000 years old.
According to Wikepedia, the beginning of stone sculpture in India goes back to a very remote age. The excavations carried out in 1924, at the ruins of Mohenjodaro on the Indus River and Harappa in the Punjab, brought to light a highly developed urban civilisation, archaeologically known as the Indus Valley or Harappan Culture. It flourished from C.2500 B.C. to 1500 B.C. These ancient cities had systematic lay-ous, wide roads, spacious houses made of bricks, and an underground drainage system, somewhat like our own. People worshipped the Mother Goddess or Goddess of Fertility. Trade and cultural contacts existed between these cities and those of Mesopotamia of which the evidence is the occurrence of seals, as well as similar carnelian beads, knobbed pottery, etc., at both places. Clay was the earliest medium in which man began to mould and we have discovered a large number of terracotta figurines from these Indus Valley sites.
A statue of a bronze dancing girl of the same period discovered at Mohenjodaro is perhaps the greatest surviving achievement of the metal work of the Harappan age. This world-famous figure shows a female dancing figure standing as if relaxing after a dance number, with her right hand on her hip and the left dangling free. She wears a large number of bangles, probably made of bone or ivory on her left arm together with a couple of pairs on her right arm.
The statuette is a great masterpiece of the art of the metal craftsman of the period who knew the art of bronze-casting in the cire perdue or lost-wax process.
This terracotta figure representing the large-sized mother goddess is one of the best preserved and comes from Mohenjodaro. The significance of the broad pan-like appendage on either side of the coiffure of the goddess is not easily understood. Since she is the bestower of fertility and prosperity, she was worshipped for this very purpose. India is traditionally a country where more than 80 per cent of its inhabitants are agriculturalists who naturally worship gods and goddesses of fertility and prosperity. The pinched nose and ornamentation flatly laid on the body and pressed on to the figure and the general folk effect in art are most interesting. The sculptor at Mohenjodaro was adept in his art and could fashion both realistically as well as stylistically.
The fair, which runs until September 30, is a collaborative venture between the Governments of India and Guyana, and showcases Indian ancient science and technology and the progress that India has made in the field of science.
The event is providing Guyanese with an overview of over 7,000 years of scientific achievements in that country.
The government provided the venue and partnered with a number of local agencies, such as the Institute of Applied Science and Technology (IAST), the National Centre for Education Resource Development (NCERD), the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and the Guyana Learning Channel to ensure the success of this initiative.
Touch-screen televisions have been made available so that persons can readily access information; likewise, science models are also available.
Among the many areas of science that Guyanese children are learning about through this exhibition are biotechnology, space and nuclear science.
Following independence science and technology in the Republic of India are included automobile engineering, information technology, communications as well as space, polar, and nuclear sciences.